AHS Announces Updated Feline Heartworm Guidelines: A New Syndrome Defined
ORLANDO, Fla., North American Veterinary Conference - (Jan. 14, 2007)
The American Heartworm Society (AHS) has announced the "2007 Guidelines for the Diagnosis,
Prevention and Management of Heartworm Infection in Cats" are now available at
www.heartwormsociety.org. Highlights include revised information on the pathophysiology of
feline heartworm disease, interpretation of serology test results and continued support of
the recommendation for year-round prevention.
"Each year cats die needlessly from complications related to this very preventable disease.
These new guidelines clearly indicate more than ever the need for veterinarians to encourage cat
owners to comply with prevention for the health of their cat," said Tom Nelson, DVM, president of
the American Heartworm Society.
Research for the guidelines is conducted by several sources including pharmaceutical
companies, private laboratories, practicing veterinarians and parasitologists at several
universities. The AHS then compiles all the findings to create the guidelines.
The American Heartworm Society wants veterinarians and pet owners to know the following:
The Pathophysiology of Feline Heartworm Disease - New Syndrome Defined
Some cats never exhibit clinical signs, but even a small number of worms can be life-threatening.
When signs are evident, they usually develop either in the first stage when the heartworms enter a
blood vessel and are carried to the pulmonary arteries, or in the second stage when the adult
heartworms die. The signs associated with the first stage are often misdiagnosed as asthma or
allergic bronchitis, when in fact they are actually due to a syndrome newly defined as Heartworm
Associated Respiratory Disease (HARD). The second stage often leads to fatal acute lung injury.
Interpreting Serology Test Results
Heartworm infection in cats is harder to diagnose than it is in dogs, and it is easy to
overlook. Diagnostic tests have limitations, so negative test results do not necessarily rule
out an infection. Antigen tests, for example, only detect adult female or dying male worms.
Immature or male-only worm infections are rarely detected.
Year-Round Prevention is Supported
Most veterinarians recommend year-round heartworm prevention, even in seasonal areas.
One reason for this is compliance - making sure the medicine has been given properly by
the pet owner. Surveys show that only 75 percent of the doses that are prescribed are
given. Even if doses are accidentally skipped, by giving preventives year-round the
retroactive efficacy is increased, and it is possible to actually stop worms from
developing into adults. Also, several of the monthly heartworm preventives have
activity against some zoonotic intestinal parasites which infect 3 to 6 million people every year.
Education is Key
Getting the word out to the entire profession and to the general public is a goal of the
American Heartworm Society. Therefore, you can find the guidelines posted on the Web
site at www.heartwormsociety.org. In addition, the AHS is embarking on a public awareness
campaign, "KNOW Heartworms" in partnership with the American Association of Feline
Practitioners, underwritten by a grant from Pfizer Animal Health, to help communicate
this new information. Information on the campaign is available at www.knowheartworms.org.
"We want to spread the word and make these updated guidelines available to everyone, so the
entire veterinary profession and the pet-owning public will have access to information based on
research on the ways to diagnose, prevent and manage this disease," concludes Nelson.
Founded during the Heartworm Symposium of 1974, the American Heartworm Society was formed to
facilitate and encourage the generation and dissemination of information about heartworm disease
and encourages adoption of standardized procedures for its diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
The American Heartworm Society stimulates and financially supports research, which
furthers knowledge and understanding of the disease. Its headquarters are located in Batavia,